Energy companies, scientists, and environmentalists have been in disagreement about the virtue of fracking – some say it’s a more environmentally friendly method of extracting gas from the land, but others say it causes worse environmental damage than traditional oil drilling.
Induced hydraulic fracturing or hydrofracturing, commonly known as fracking, is a technique where water is mixed with sand and chemicals, and the mixture is injected at high pressure into a wellbore to create tiny fractures, in order to energy fluids such as gas or petroleum.
One of the major criticisms of fracking is the excessive amount of water used, as well as the potential for water run off that can contaminate potable water sources. This is especially a concern in drought states such as Texas and California.
A recently published article in MintPress News about waterless fracking stated, “Californians are bracing for a new form of fracking that uses pressurized gas to break up formations where oil is hidden instead of the usual combination of water, silica sand and chemicals.”
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Dry fracking is already being practiced by at least two Texas-based companies, according to Central Coast News. The main concern with this new method is that it’s too early to know the true impacts on the environment. There is also the concern that the potential for explosions is much higher, which causes safety risks for nearby towns.
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